Java Servlet International Character Encoding UTF-8 with Hibernate and MySQL 中文显示

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Add following script to your hibernate.cfg.xml file. “useUnicode=true&characterEncoding=utf-8”

 <property name="hibernate.connection.url">jdbc:mysql://localhost/yourschema?autoReconnect=true&amp;useUnicode=true&amp;characterEncoding=utf-8</property>

如果你使用Java Servlet, Mysql和Hibernate, 为了正常显示及存储中文, 可以加入以上脚本

如果显示仍然有问题, 可以尝试使用:

String str="中文测试"; new String(str.getBytes("iso-8859-1"), "utf-8"); 

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highstock example

Setting Individual Point color in Series for Highstock API

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I was working on Highstock, I tried to set a color to a specific point in “data” in Highstock, like in the example,the example is implemented using Highchart API,but I couldn’t get it to work with Highstock API, no matter how I set the color, it doesn’t show on the graph.

Thanks for stackoverflow, someone helped me.

It’s important to put marker enable in the plotOptions, otherwise it won’t work.

 plotOptions: {
        series: {
            marker: {
                enabled: true    
$(function () {
    var seriesSetting=[{name:"aaa",
            data: [{x: 1343862840000,y: 4.447361},{x:1343863200000,y:5,marker:{fillColor:'red'}},{x:1343873200000,y:8}]
    var chart = new Highcharts.StockChart({
                        load: function(chart) {
                            this.setTitle(null, {
                                text: 'Built chart at '+ (new Date() - start) +'ms'


                    //    tickLength:100,
                    ordinal: false,
                        //  color:'#333333',
                    series:{turboThreshold: 99999,  marker: {
                           enabled: true

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Get URL request parameter with jQuery (Javascript)

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Here is an example of how to get URL request parameters in Javascript (Jquery)
        function getURLParameter(name) {
            return decodeURI(
                    (RegExp(name + '=' + '(.+?)(&amp;|$)').exec(||[,null])[1]
 var parameter=url.getURLParameter("search"); 

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Install and Configure FTP(Vsftpd) service in CentOS/Linux

Q. How do I configure and install an FTP server in CentOS / RHEL 5 / Fedora Linux server?
A. CentOS / RHEL server comes with vsftpd which is the Very Secure File Transfer Protocol (FTP) daemon. The server can be launched via a xinetd or as standalone mode, in which case vsftpd itself will listen on the network port 21.

[ ~]# yum -y install vsftpd
[ ~]# vi /etc/vsftpd/vsftpd.conf
# line 12: no anonymous
# line 80,81: uncomment ( allow ascii mode )
# line 95, 96: uncomment ( enable chroot )
# line 98: uncomment ( specify chroot list )
# line 104: uncomment
# add at the last line 
# specify root directory ( if don't specify, users' home directory become FTP home directory)
# use localtime
[ ~]# vi /etc/vsftpd/chroot_list
# add users you allow to move over their home directory
[ ~]# /etc/rc.d/init.d/vsftpd start 
Starting vsftpd for vsftpd: [  OK  ]
[ ~]# chkconfig vsftpd on

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vi commands cheat sheet/command list

Cursor movement

  • h – move left
  • j – move down
  • k – move up
  • l – move right
  • w – jump by start of words (punctuation considered words)
  • W – jump by words (spaces separate words)
  • e – jump to end of words (punctuation considered words)
  • E – jump to end of words (no punctuation)
  • b – jump backward by words (punctuation considered words)
  • B – jump backward by words (no punctuation)
  • 0 – (zero) start of line
  • ^ – first non-blank character of line
  • $ – end of line
  • G – Go To command (prefix with number – 5G goes to line 5)

Note: Prefix a cursor movement command with a number to repeat it. For example, 4j moves down 4 lines.

Insert Mode – Inserting/Appending text

  • i – start insert mode at cursor
  • I – insert at the beginning of the line
  • a – append after the cursor
  • A – append at the end of the line
  • o – open (append) blank line below current line (no need to press return)
  • O – open blank line above current line
  • ea – append at end of word
  • Esc – exit insert mode


  • r – replace a single character (does not use insert mode)
  • J – join line below to the current one
  • cc – change (replace) an entire line
  • cw – change (replace) to the end of word
  • c$ – change (replace) to the end of line
  • s – delete character at cursor and subsitute text
  • S – delete line at cursor and substitute text (same as cc)
  • xp – transpose two letters (delete and paste, technically)
  • u – undo
  • . – repeat last command

Marking text (visual mode)

  • v – start visual mode, mark lines, then do command (such as y-yank)
  • V – start Linewise visual mode
  • o – move to other end of marked area
  • Ctrl+v – start visual block mode
  • O – move to Other corner of block
  • aw – mark a word
  • ab – a () block (with braces)
  • aB – a {} block (with brackets)
  • ib – inner () block
  • iB – inner {} block
  • Esc – exit visual mode

Visual commands

  • > – shift right
  • < – shift left
  • y – yank (copy) marked text
  • d – delete marked text
  • ~ – switch case

Cut and Paste

  • yy – yank (copy) a line
  • 2yy – yank 2 lines
  • yw – yank word
  • y$ – yank to end of line
  • p – put (paste) the clipboard after cursor
  • P – put (paste) before cursor
  • dd – delete (cut) a line
  • dw – delete (cut) the current word
  • x – delete (cut) current character


  • :w – write (save) the file, but don’t exit
  • :wq – write (save) and quit
  • :q – quit (fails if anything has changed)
  • :q! – quit and throw away changes


  • /pattern – search for pattern
  • ?pattern – search backward for pattern
  • n – repeat search in same direction
  • N – repeat search in opposite direction
  • :%s/old/new/g – replace all old with new throughout file
  • :%s/old/new/gc – replace all old with new throughout file with confirmations

Working with multiple files

  • :e filename – Edit a file in a new buffer
  • :bnext (or :bn) – go to next buffer
  • :bprev (of :bp) – go to previous buffer
  • :bd – delete a buffer (close a file)
  • :sp filename – Open a file in a new buffer and split window
  • ctrl+ws – Split windows
  • ctrl+ww – switch between windows
  • ctrl+wq – Quit a window
  • ctrl+wv – Split windows vertically


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Vim Commands Cheat Sheet/Command List

How to Exit

:q[uit] Quit Vim. This fails when changes have been made.
:q[uit]! Quit without writing.
:cq[uit] Quit always, without writing.
:wq Write the current file and exit.
:wq! Write the current file and exit always.
:wq {file} Write to {file}. Exit if not editing the last
:wq! {file} Write to {file} and exit always.
:[range]wq[!] [file] Same as above, but only write the lines in [range].
ZZ Write current file, if modified, and exit.
ZQ Quit current file and exit (same as “:q!”).


Editing a File

:e[dit] Edit the current file. This is useful to re-edit the current file, when it has been changed outside of Vim.
:e[dit]! Edit the current file always. Discard any changes to the current buffer. This is useful if you want to start all over again.
:e[dit] {file} Edit {file}.
:e[dit]! {file} Edit {file} always. Discard any changes to the current buffer.
gf Edit the file whose name is under or after the cursor. Mnemonic: “goto file”.


Inserting Text

a Append text after the cursor [count] times.
A Append text at the end of the line [count] times.
i Insert text before the cursor [count] times.
I Insert text before the first non-blank in the line [count] times.
gI Insert text in column 1 [count] times.
o Begin a new line below the cursor and insert text, repeat [count] times.
O Begin a new line above the cursor and insert text, repeat [count] times.


Inserting a file

:r[ead] [name] Insert the file [name] below the cursor.
:r[ead] !{cmd} Execute {cmd} and insert its standard output below the cursor.


Deleting Text

<Del> or
Delete [count] characters under and after the cursor
X Delete [count] characters before the cursor
d{motion} Delete text that {motion} moves over
dd Delete [count] lines
D Delete the characters under the cursor until the end of the line
{Visual}x or
Delete the highlighted text (for {Visual} see Selecting Text).
{Visual}CTRL-H or
When in Select mode: Delete the highlighted text
{Visual}X or
Delete the highlighted lines
:[range]d[elete] Delete [range] lines (default: current line)
:[range]d[elete] {count} Delete {count} lines, starting with [range]


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How to use Gson convert Java object to Json String (serialize POJO) with root value included

If you are using Gson library (google-gsonA Java library to convert JSON to Java objects and vice-versa) and you want to serialize POJO with root value included like the following illustrated code for serializing XML.

class Person implements Serializable {
    private String firstname;
    private String lastname;
    public Person() {

It’s very simple, here is an example to do it with Gson:

    Gson gson = new Gson();
    JsonElement je = gson.toJsonTree(new Person());
    JsonObject jo = new JsonObject();

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